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J Biol Chem. 2002 Aug 9;277(32):28578-83. Epub 2002 May 28.

Protein kinase B/Akt mediates cAMP- and cell swelling-stimulated Na+/taurocholate cotransport and Ntcp translocation.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA.


Cyclic AMP and cell swelling stimulate hepatic Na+/TC cotransport and Ntcp translocation via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling pathway. To determine the downstream target of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase action, we examined the role of protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt using SB203580 in hepatocytes as well as by transfection with a dominant negative (DN-PKB) or a constitutively active (CA-PKB) form of PKB in HuH-Ntcp cells. Both cAMP and cell swelling stimulated p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase as well as PKB activity. Although 100 microm SB203580 inhibited cell swelling- and 8-chlorophenylthio-cAMP-induced activation of both p38 MAP kinase and PKB, 1 microm SB203580 inhibited activation of p38 MAP kinase, but not of PKB, in hepatocytes. 100 microm, but not 1 microm SB203580, inhibited cell swelling- and cAMP-induced increases in taurocholate (TC) uptake and Ntcp translocation in hepatocytes. TC uptake in HuH-Ntcp cells was more than 90% dependent on extracellular Na+. Cyclic AMP and cell swelling increased TC uptake by 50-100% and PKB activity 2-4-fold in HuH-Ntcp cells transfected with the empty vector and failed to increase PKB activity, TC uptake, and Ntcp translocation in DN-PKB-transfected HuH-Ntcp cells. Transfection with CA-PKB increased PKB activity, TC uptake, and Ntcp translocation in HuH-Ntcp cells compared with cells transfected with the empty vector. In contrast, transfection with DN-PKB did not affect basal PKB activity, TC uptake, or Ntcp translocation. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that cell swelling and cAMP-mediated stimulation of hepatic Na+/TC cotransport and Ntcp translocation requires activation of PKB and is mediated at least in part via a phosphoinositide 3-kinase/PKB-signaling pathway.

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