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Oncogene. 2002 May 23;21(23):3706-14.

Characterization of a novel hexameric repeat DNA sequence in the promoter of the immediate early gene, IEX-1, that mediates 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-associated IEX-1 gene repression.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, 200 First Street, SW, Rochester, Minnesota, MN 55905, USA.

Abstract

1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3)(1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)), the active metabolite of vitamin D(3), mediates anti-proliferative effects in cells by regulating the expression of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-responsive genes. The expression of the proliferation-promoting Immediate Early gene X-1 (IEX-1) is reduced by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) through unknown mechanisms. Here we report the presence of a novel inhibitory hexameric repeat DNA response element in the promoter of the human IEX-1 gene that mediates 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-associated IEX-1 gene repression. To localize a vitamin D sensitive DNA response element we transfected the keratinocyte-like cell line, HaCaT, (referred as HaCaT) with a series of plasmids containing full-length and truncated IEX-1 promoter elements fused to the luciferase reporter gene in the absence or presence of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), and we performed electrophoretic gel mobility assays in the presence of receptors for 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) (vitamin D receptor, VDR) and 9-cis-retinoic acid (RXRalpha). We mapped a negative response element between nt -405 and -391(15 bp) of theIEX-1 promoter (5'-TGAACC AGG GAGTCA-3') that mediates transcriptional inhibition in response to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) and which requires expression of both nuclear receptors for 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) and 9-cis-retinoic acid. Our data indicate that the physiological repression of IEX-1 gene expression by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) is directly mediated by nuclear VDR/RXRalpha heterodimers through a specific transcriptional element.

PMID:
12032839
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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