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BMC Bioinformatics. 2002 May 16;3:14.

RIO: analyzing proteomes by automated phylogenomics using resampled inference of orthologs.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. zmasek@genetics.wustl.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

When analyzing protein sequences using sequence similarity searches, orthologous sequences (that diverged by speciation) are more reliable predictors of a new protein's function than paralogous sequences (that diverged by gene duplication). The utility of phylogenetic information in high-throughput genome annotation ("phylogenomics") is widely recognized, but existing approaches are either manual or not explicitly based on phylogenetic trees.

RESULTS:

Here we present RIO (Resampled Inference of Orthologs), a procedure for automated phylogenomics using explicit phylogenetic inference. RIO analyses are performed over bootstrap resampled phylogenetic trees to estimate the reliability of orthology assignments. We also introduce supplementary concepts that are helpful for functional inference. RIO has been implemented as Perl pipeline connecting several C and Java programs. It is available at http://www.genetics.wustl.edu/eddy/forester/. A web server is at http://www.rio.wustl.edu/. RIO was tested on the Arabidopsis thaliana and Caenorhabditis elegans proteomes.

CONCLUSION:

The RIO procedure is particularly useful for the automated detection of first representatives of novel protein subfamilies. We also describe how some orthologies can be misleading for functional inference.

PMID:
12028595
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC116988
Free PMC Article

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