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Ann Intern Med. 2002 May 21;136(10):733-41.

Fall and injury prevention in older people living in residential care facilities. A cluster randomized trial.

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  • 1Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine and Physiotherapy, Umeå University, SE-901 85, Umeå, Sweden. , jane.jensen@germed.umu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Falls and resulting injuries are particularly common in older people living in residential care facilities, but knowledge about the prevention of falls is limited.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether a multifactorial intervention program would reduce falls and fall-related injuries.

DESIGN:

A cluster randomized, controlled, nonblinded trial.

SETTING:

9 residential care facilities located in a northern Swedish city.

PATIENTS:

439 residents 65 years of age or older.

INTERVENTION:

An 11-week multidisciplinary program that included both general and resident-specific, tailored strategies. The strategies comprised educating staff, modifying the environment, implementing exercise programs, supplying and repairing aids, reviewing drug regimens, providing free hip protectors, having post-fall problem-solving conferences, and guiding staff.

MEASUREMENTS:

The primary outcomes were the number of residents sustaining a fall, the number of falls, and the time to occurrence of the first fall. A secondary outcome was the number of injuries resulting from falls.

RESULTS:

During the 34-week follow-up period, 82 residents (44%) in the intervention program sustained a fall compared with 109 residents (56%) in the control group (risk ratio, 0.78 [95% CI, 0.64 to 0.96]). The adjusted odds ratio was 0.49 (CI, 0.37 to 0.65), and the adjusted incidence rate ratio of falls was 0.60 (CI, 0.50 to 0.73). Each of 3 residents in the intervention group and 12 in the control group had 1 femoral fracture (adjusted odds ratio, 0.23 [CI, 0.06 to 0.94]). Clustering was considered in all regression models.

CONCLUSION:

An interdisciplinary and multifactorial prevention program targeting residents, staff, and the environment may reduce falls and femoral fractures.

PMID:
12020141
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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