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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Apr;15 Suppl 1:485-6.

Population genetics in minority children with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn 11203, USA.


Non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus (DM) is a rapidly emerging health threat in minority populations in the United States, with the African-American, Hispanic, and Native American populations at greatest risk. Clearly, environmental factors play a role in this disorder, but the ethnic predilection suggests a significant genetic component. Type 2 DM is a condition not well understood on a genetic basis. Familial clustering and ethnic variation have been documented. The populations of Africans living in diverse environments provide a unique opportunity to study type 2 DM as the mechanism is becoming more clear.

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