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Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2002 Apr;23(2):119-22.

[Study on diarrhea disease caused by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Xuzhou city, Jiangsu province in 2000].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Xuzhou 221103, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the proportion of hemorrhagic colitis (HC) caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7 in bacterial diarrhea in Xuzhou city, Jiangsu province.

METHODS:

All stool samples from patients with diarrhea were screened for O157 antigen, using Immuno-gold kits. Positive samples were cultured to detect the existence of pathogens. All of the HC patients confirmed by bacterial isolation and identification were investigated for clinical symptoms and laboratory tests.

RESULTS:

Of the diarrhea patients identified in Feng county in May, and in Tongshan county of Xuzhou city in June 2000, Jiangsu province 0.98% and 5.89% were caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7 respectively, confirmed by bacteriological isolation and identification of stool samples. At the early phase of hemorrhagic colitis, 18.5% patients had at least one abnormal clinical laboratory test results including protein in urea and increased BUN or creatinine that indicating the possibility of kidney damage. In 27 strains of E. coli O157:H7 isolated from those patients, 13 and 14 were identified as Shiga toxin producing and Shiga-toxin negative E. coli O157:H7 (Stx-positive or Stx-negative) respectively. By analysis of the two groups of patients divided by according to the nature of Shiga toxin, four of 13 patients of Stx-positive group showed positive urea protein. However only 1 of the 13 patients of Stx-negative group was urea protein positive. The decreased Platelets counts were observed in 6 of 13 patients with Stx-positive group, but only in 1 of 14 patients with stx-negative group. These differences were statistically significant.

CONCLUSION:

HC patients caused by E. coli O157:H7 were commonly seen (up to 5.89%) in Xuzhou city, Jiangsu province. Early laboratory tests should be conducted for HC patients as early as possible in order to find early indictor of kidney failure which was critical for prevention of hemolytic uremic syndrome.

PMID:
12015094
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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