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Blood. 2002 Jun 1;99(11):4116-21.

Down-regulation of candidate tumor suppressor genes within chromosome band 13q14.3 is independent of the DNA methylation pattern in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

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  • 1Abteilung "Organisation komplexer Genome," Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Loss of genomic material from chromosomal band 13q14.3 is the most common genetic imbalance in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma, pointing to the involvement of this region in a tumor suppressor mechanism. From the minimally deleted region, 3 candidate genes have been isolated, RFP2, BCMS, and BCMSUN. DNA sequence analyses have failed to detect small mutations in any of these genes, suggesting a different pathomechanism, most likely haploinsufficiency. We, therefore, tested B-CLL patients for epigenetic aberrations by measuring expression of genes from 13q14.3 and methylation of their promotor region. RB1, CLLD7, KPNA3, CLLD6, and RFP2 were down-regulated in B-CLL patients as compared with B cells of healthy donors, with RFP2 showing the most pronounced loss of expression. To test whether this loss of gene expression is associated with methylation of CpG islands in the respective promotor regions, we performed methylation-sensitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses and bisulfite sequencing on DNA from B-CLL patients. No difference in the methylation patterns could be detected in any CpG island of the minimally deleted region. Down-regulation of genes within chromosomal band 13q14.3 in B-CLL is in line with the concept of haploinsufficiency, but this tumor-specific phenomenon is not associated with DNA methylation.

PMID:
12010815
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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