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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 May 22;124(20):5902-13.

Thermal dissociation of protein-oligosaccharide complexes in the gas phase: mapping the intrinsic intermolecular interactions.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.


Blackbody infrared radiative dissociation (BIRD) and functional group replacement are used to map the location and strength of hydrogen bonds between an antibody single chain fragment (scFv) and its natural trisaccharide receptor, alpha-D-Galp (1-->2)[alpha-D-Abep (1-->3)]alpha-D-Manp1-->OMe (1), in the gaseous, multiply protonated complex. Arrhenius activation parameters (E(a) and A) are reported for the loss of 1 and a series of monodeoxy trisaccharide congeners (5-8 identical with tri) from the (scFv + tri + 10H)(+10) complex. The energetic contribution of the specific oligosaccharide OH groups to the stability of the (scFv + 1 + 10H)(+10) complex is determined from the differences in E(a) measured for the trisaccharide analogues and 1 (55.2 kcal/mol). A decrease of 6 to 11 kcal/mol in E(a), measured for the monodeoxy trisaccharides, indicates that the deleted OH groups interact strongly with the scFv and that they account for a majority of the stabilizing intermolecular interactions. A partial map of the hydrogen bond donor/acceptor groups of 1 and the strength of the interactions is presented for the protonated +10 complex. A comparison of the gas-phase map with the crystal structure indicates that significant structural differences exist. The hydroxyl groups located outside of the binding pocket, and exposed to solvent in solution, participate in new protein-oligosaccharide hydrogen bonds in the gas phase. The decrease in kinetic and energetic stability of the (scFv + 2 + nH)(n)()(+) complex with increasing charge-state is attributed to conformational differences in the binding region induced by electrostatic repulsion. The similarity in the Arrhenius parameters for the +9 and +10 charge states suggests that repulsion effects on the structure of the binding region are negligible below +11.

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