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Clin Cancer Res. 2002 May;8(5):1019-27.

Induction of p53-specific immune responses in colorectal cancer patients receiving a recombinant ALVAC-p53 candidate vaccine.

Author information

  • 1Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, the Netherlands. shvdburg@worldonline.nl

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The tumor-associated auto-antigen p53 is commonly overexpressed in various types of human cancer, including colorectal cancer. Experiments in preclinical models have shown that it can serve as a target for T-cell-mediated tumor-eradication. The feasibility of a p53-specific therapeutic vaccination was investigated in cancer patients.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

A Phase I/II dose-escalation study was performed that evaluated the effect of a recombinant canarypoxvirus (ALVAC) vaccine encoding wild-type human p53 in 15 patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Each group of five patients received three i.v. doses of one-tenth of a dose, one-third of a dose, or 1 dose of the vaccine [1 dose = 1 x 10(7.5) cell culture infectious dosis (CCID)50].

RESULTS:

Potent T-cell and IgG antibody responses against the vector component of the ALVAC vaccine were induced in the majority of the patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent-spot assay (ELISPOT) analysis of vaccine-induced immunity revealed the presence of IFN-gamma-secreting T cells against both ALVAC and p53, whereas no significant interleukin-4 responses were detected. Vaccine-mediated enhancement of p53-specific T-cell immunity was found in two patients in the highest-vaccine-dose group.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study demonstrated the feasibility, even in patients with advanced cancer, to elicit immune responses against the ubiquitously expressed tumor-associated auto-antigen p53. Our results form the basis for additional studies that will explore the antitumor capacity of p53 containing multivalent vaccines in cancer patients with limited tumor burden.

PMID:
12006514
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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