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Phys Rev Lett. 2002 Apr 29;88(17):173901. Epub 2002 Apr 11.

Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers.

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  • 1Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.


We report on an experimental study of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers with low-intensity femtosecond pulses, which provides evidence for a novel spectral broadening mechanism. The observed results agree with our theoretical calculations carried out without making the slowly varying envelope approximation. Peculiarities of the measured spectra and their theoretical explanation demonstrate that the reason for the white-light generation in photonic crystal fibers is fission of higher-order solitons into redshifted fundamental solitons and blueshifted nonsolitonic radiation.

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