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Phys Rev Lett. 2002 May 6;88(18):180404. Epub 2002 Apr 22.

Macroscopic dynamics of a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of 1D and 2D optical lattices.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, I-38050 Povo, Italy.


The hydrodynamic equations of superfluids for a weakly interacting Bose gas are generalized to include the effects of periodic optical potentials produced by stationary laser beams. The new equations are characterized by a renormalized interaction coupling constant and by an effective mass accounting for the inertia of the system along the laser direction. For large laser intensities the effective mass is directly related to the tunneling rate between two consecutive wells. The predictions for the frequencies of the collective modes of a condensate confined by a magnetic harmonic trap are discussed for both 1D and 2D optical lattices and compared with recent experimental data.

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