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Cent Afr J Med. 2000 Nov;46(11):302-8.

Factors affecting condom use among senior secondary school pupils in South Africa.

Author information

  • Department of Psychology, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa. PeltzerK@unin.unorth.ac.za

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to investigate factors affecting condom use among senior secondary school pupils in South Africa. Objectives were to identify the sociodemographic characteristics and sexual history, knowledge about correct condom use, source of condom information, AIDS health beliefs, self efficacy of condom use, correlates and predictors of condom use in Grade 12 students.

DESIGN:

Cross sectional survey.

SETTING:

460 Grade 12 secondary school pupils from three rural schools.

SUBJECTS:

The sample included 460 Grade 12 secondary school pupils, 170 (37%) males and 290 (63%) females in the age range of 16 to 30 years (mean age 19.7 yrs, SD = 2.5).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Self reported sexual activity and condom use (12 items); source of 'condom' information (12 items); knowledge of correct condom use (10 items); a 16 item AIDS Health Belief Scale and a 28 item Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale.

RESULTS:

About half of those sexually active (52.6% males and 40.5% females) reported never having used condoms. About 90% levels of correct answers on condom knowledge were found for the items of "protection against AIDS" and "expire date of condoms". Knowing someone with HIV/AIDS was related to current condom use and a history of STD with lifetime condom use. The four AIDS beliefs sub-scales were all related to self efficacy of condom use. Behavioural norm to use condoms, attitudes towards condom use, normative beliefs to use of condoms and subjective norm to use condoms were all related to condom use intention. Normative beliefs and subjective norms to use condoms were both negatively related with lifetime condom use, current condom use, and self efficacy in condom use. Normative beliefs, attitudes and subjective norms about condoms predicted condom use intention, AIDS susceptibility and AIDS benefits predicted condom use with last sexual partner, and AIDS benefits and AIDS barriers predicted condom use intention.

CONCLUSION:

Findings have relevant implications and are discussed in the context of developing an educational or intervention programme.

PMID:
12002121
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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