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Am J Pathol. 2002 May;160(5):1787-98.

Expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 by pancreatic stellate cells and its implications for matrix secretion and turnover in chronic pancreatitis.

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  • 1Divisions of Infection, Inflammation, and Repair, Cellular Pathology, and Cancer Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Pancreatic stellate cells mediate fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)-1 and -2 are crucial modulators of fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a key regulator of extracellular matrix production and myofibroblast proliferation. We have examined MMP and TIMP synthesis by transformed cultured pancreatic stellate cells and their regulation by TGF-beta 1. By Northern analysis they expressed mRNAs for procollagen 1, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and MMP-2. Expression of membrane type-1 MMP was confirmed by Western blotting. By immunohistochemistry these enzymes localized to fibrotic areas in human chronic pancreatitis. Active TGF-beta 1 constitutes 2 to 5% of total TGF-beta 1 secreted by pancreatic stellate cells; they express TGF-beta receptors I and II. Exogenous TGF-beta 1 (10 ng/ml) significantly increased procollagen-1 mRNA by 69% and collagen protein synthesis by 34%. Similarly TGF-beta 1 at 0.1, 1, and 10 ng/ml significantly reduced cellular proliferation rate by 37%, 44%, and 44%, respectively, whereas pan-TGF-beta-neutralizing antibody increased proliferation by 40%. TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml) down-regulated MMP-9 by 54% and MMP-3 by 34% whereas TGF-beta 1-neutralizing antibody increased MMP-9 expression by 39%. Pancreatic stellate cells express both mediators of matrix remodeling and the regulatory cytokine TGF-beta 1 that, by autocrine inhibition of MMP-3 and MMP-9, may enhance fibrogenesis by reducing collagen degradation.

PMID:
12000730
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1850856
Free PMC Article

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