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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002 Apr 25;190(1-2):75-82.

Cytokine-induced apoptosis and necrosis are preceded by disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsi(m)) in pancreatic RINm5F cells: prevention by Bcl-2.

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  • 1Department of Medical Cell Biology, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala University, PO Box 571, S-751 23, Sweden.


The mechanisms of cytokine-induced beta-cell death are poorly characterised. In rat insulin-producing RINm5F cells, the combination of interleukin-1beta, interferon-gamma and tumour necrosis factor-alpha presently induced disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsi(m)) as demonstrated by reduced JC-1 fluorescence. The reduction of Deltapsi(m) was maximal after 8 h and was preceded by increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as assessed by dichlorofluorescein-diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescence. A nitric oxide synthase-, but not a ROS-inhibitor, prevented cytokine-induced loss of Deltapsi(m). Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased both JC-1 and DCFH-DA fluorescence, which was paralleled by protection against cytokine-induced apoptosis and necrosis. It is concluded that cytokines induce a nitric oxide-dependent disruption of Deltapsi(m) and that this may be a necessary event for both beta-cell apoptosis and necrosis. Bcl-2 may prevent beta-cell death by counteracting mitochondrial permeability transition.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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