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Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 May;8(5):458-61.

Epidemiology of urban canine rabies, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1972-1997.

Author information

  • 1Unidad Nacional de Epidemiologia Veterinaria, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. mwiddowson@cdc.gov

Abstract

We analyzed laboratory data from 1972 to 1997 from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, to determine risk factors for laboratory canine samples' testing positive for Rabies virus (RABV). Of 9,803 samples, 50.7% tested positive for RABV; the number of cases and the percentage positive has dropped significantly since 1978. A 5- to 6-year cycle in rabies incidence was clearly apparent, though no seasonality was noted. Male dogs had significantly increased odds of testing positive for RABV (odds ratio [OR]=1.14), as did 1- to 2-year-old dogs (OR=1.73); younger and older dogs were at lower risk. Samples submitted from the poorer suburbs of the city were more likely to test positive for RABV (OR=1.71). Knowledge of the distribution of endemic canine rabies in an urban area will help focus control measures in a resource-poor environment.

PMID:
11996678
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2732486
Free PMC Article

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