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Water Res. 2002 Mar;36(6):1449-56.

Decolorization of textile dyes by laccases from a newly isolated strain of Trametes modesta.

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  • 1Institute of Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, Austria.


Four ligninolytic fungi, Trametes modesta, Trametes hirsuta, Trametes versicolor and Sclerotium rolfsii, were compared for their ability to produce laccases. The fungal laccases were screened for their ability to decolorize eight synthetic dyes (anthraquinone, azo, indigo and triarylmethane). The decolorization rate depended both on the source of the enzyme preparation and on the structure of the dye. Based on laccase production and dye decolorizing ability, T. modesta was selected for further studies. All the tested dyes were decolorized by the T. modesta laccase most efficiently under acid conditions (pH 3-6) but the optimum pH for decolorization of the individual dye varied. The decolorization rate of this laccase increased with the rise in temperature to 50-60 degrees C. The decolorization efficiency of T. modesta laccase was improved remarkably in the presence of mediators like 1-hydroxybenzotriazole and 2-methoxyphenothiazine.

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