Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hepatogastroenterology. 2002 Mar-Apr;49(44):576-9.

Quantitative correlation of Helicobacter pylori stool antigen (HpSA) test with 13C-urea breath test (13C-UBT) by the updated Sydney grading system of gastritis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has a causative relationship with various gastrointestinal disorders. 13C-urea breath test and H. pylori stool antigen test are two valuable noninvasive tests for detecting H. pylori infection. Since the bacterial load of H. pylori in the stomach and the resulting severity of gastritis are important in validating the status of H. pylori infection, we would like to investigate the relative diagnostic accuracy of 13C-urea breath test and H. pylori stool antigen test with respect to the severity of gastritis.

METHODOLOGY:

The H. pylori statuses of 62 consecutive patients were evaluated by five tests, i.e., culture, histology, biopsy urease test, 13C-urea breath test, and H. pylori stool antigen test. Gastritis was graded by the updated Sydney system. H. pylori status was defined as positive when the culture was positive or the concordance of positivity of two of the other four tests.

RESULTS:

Thirty-five patients (56%) were H. pylori positive. The accuracy of H. pylori stool antigen test and 13C-urea breath test were 92.6% and 100%, respectively. There was a positive correlation between the level of delta 13CO2 of the 13C-urea breath test and the optical density value of enzyme immunoassay of the H. pylori stool antigen test (Rho = 0.758, P < 0.001). Both the level of delta 13CO2 of 13C-UBT and the optical density value of enzyme immunoassay of the H. pylori stool antigen test correlated well with the separate score of the density of H. pylori (P < 0.001, each) and the inflammatory activity (each P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Both the 13C-urea breath test and H. pylori stool antigen test are effective non-invasive methods to detect the status of H. pylori infection with respect to correlation with the density of H. pylori and inflammatory activity of gastritis.

PMID:
11995501
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk