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Environ Sci Technol. 2002 Apr 15;36(8):1728-33.

Spectroscopic study of copper(II)--wheat straw cell wall residue surface complexes.

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  • 1GRECI (Groupe de Recherche En Chimie Inorganique), Universit√© de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France.


The sorption of copper(II) by wheat straw cell wall residue (CWR) was studied and revealed a relatively stable surface complexation on the acid sites of the substrate (carboxylic and phenolic moieties). The copper binding capacity at pH = 5.75 and ionic strength of 0.1 M was evaluated at 63 micromol x g(-1) CWR. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations were then used to describe the partitioning behavior for the system at different pH values. Batch experiments have been achieved in the presence of calcium in order to mimic the calcareous soil of the Champagne region. A competitive effect on copper complexation has been shown, which is presumably due to the calcium ability to form outer-sphere complexes far less stable than copper(II) ones. Electron spin resonance and X-ray absorption spectroscopy were combined to obtain information on the geometry and structure of Cu bound to CWR. At least two different binding sites for Cu2+ were found to take place in CWR. From ESR parameters, we deduced that copper(II) ions, when complexed with CWR, are coordinated in a square-planar arrangement with four oxygen-containing groups. EXAFS and XANES experiments revealed that Cu(II) is surrounded by four oxygen atoms, with an average Cu-O equatorial distance equal to 1.94 A.

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