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Gastroenterology. 2002 May;122(5):1411-27.

Taurolithocholic acid-3 sulfate induces CD95 trafficking and apoptosis in a c-Jun N-terminal kinase-dependent manner.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectiology, Medizinische Einrichtungen der Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Germany.



Prevention of bile acid-induced apoptosis is of therapeutic interest and requires the understanding of underlying mechanisms.


The effect of tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDC) on taurolithocholic acid-3 sulfate (TLCS)-induced apoptosis was studied in cultured rat hepatocytes.


TLCS induced activation of caspases 8, 9, and 3 and hepatocyte apoptosis. These effects were abolished by TUDC in a PI 3-kinase-/protein kinase B (PKB)-, p38(MAPK)-, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-2 (Erk-2)-independent manner. These protein kinases were activated by both TLCS and TUDC, however, with different kinetics. TLCS, but not TUDC, led to a sustained activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and CD95 trafficking to the plasma membrane; both TLCS effects were prevented by TUDC. Inhibition of JNK1 or protein kinase C prevented TLCS-induced CD95 membrane trafficking and blunted the apoptotic response. The apoptotic potency of other bile acids paralleled their ability to induce sustained JNK activation.


Protection by TUDC against TLCS-induced apoptosis starts upstream of caspase 8 activation and is independent of a PI 3-kinase-dependent survival pathway. JNK activation may be important for bile acid-induced apoptosis by triggering ligand-independent CD95 surface trafficking and activation of apoptosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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