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Eur J Endocrinol. 2002 May;146(5):657-65.

IGF-I, IGF-I-binding proteins and GH-binding protein in malnourished elderly patients with inflammation receiving refeeding therapy.

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  • 1Unite de Nutrition Gériatrique, Hôpital Charles Foix AP-HP, F-94205 Ivry sur Seine, France. agathe.raynaud-simon@cfx.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the mechanisms determining the success or failure of refeeding therapy in malnourished elderly patients with inflammation by studying changes in plasma IGF-I, GH-binding protein (GHBP) and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) levels and IGFBP-3 proteolysis.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

We studied 15 severely malnourished hospitalized elderly patients. Weight, food intake, plasma albumin, transthyretin, C-reactive protein (CRP), orosomucoid, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IGF-I, intact and proteolytically degraded IGFBP-3 and GHBP levels were determined on admission and during refeeding therapy designed to increase food intake to 40 kcal/kg body weight per day (15% protein).

RESULTS:

Plasma IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and GHBP levels were significantly low for age on admission in all malnourished elderly patients. They increased in nine patients as nutritional status improved (albuminemia >30 g/l; transthyretinemia >200 mg/l or weight gain >5% of initial body weight) and levels of inflammation markers decreased (group 1). In contrast, plasma IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and GHBP levels remained low in six patients in whom nutritional status failed to improve and levels of inflammation markers increased (group 2). IGF-I showed greater variations than IGFBP-3 or GHBP with respect to nutritional status. High plasma CRP and IL-6 levels were associated with high levels of IGFBP-3 proteolysis.

CONCLUSION:

Efficient refeeding therapy was associated with a significant increase in IGF-I plasma levels. In patients with severe and persistent inflammation, high levels of proteolysis of IGFBP-3 may have contributed to the low plasma IGF-I levels, persistence of hypercatabolism and lack of improvement in nutritional status.

PMID:
11980621
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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