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BMJ. 2002 Apr 27;324(7344):1006-9.

Decision making processes in people with symptoms of acute myocardial infarction: qualitative study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DQ. jp30@york.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the themes that influence decision making processes used by patients with symptoms of acute myocardial infarction.

DESIGN:

Qualitative study using semistructured interviews.

SETTING:

Two district hospitals in North Yorkshire.

PARTICIPANTS:

22 patients admitted to hospital with confirmed second, third, or fourth acute myocardial infarction.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Patients' perceptions of their experience between the onset of symptoms and the decision to seek medical help.

RESULTS:

Six main themes that influence the decision making process were identified: appraisal of symptoms, perceived risk, previous experience, psychological and emotional factors, use of the NHS, and context of the event.

CONCLUSIONS:

Knowledge of symptoms may not be enough to promote prompt action in the event of an acute myocardial infarction. Cognitive and emotional processes, individual beliefs and values, and the influence of the context of the event should also be considered in individual interventions designed to reduce delay in the event of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction.

PMID:
11976241
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC102775
Free PMC Article
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