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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Mar;83(3 Suppl 1):S7-S11, S33-9.

Industrial medicine and acute musculoskeletal rehabilitation. 2. Acute cervical spine and shoulder injuries in the industrial setting.

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  • 1Northwest Spine and Sports Physicians, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.


This self-directed learning module highlights the underlying anatomy and biomechanics of the cervical spine and shoulder as a basis for developing a differential diagnosis of contributing pathology in an industrial injury. This includes components of the history, examination, and appropriate diagnostic testing that are necessary to develop an optimal rehabilitation plan. Treatment options are reviewed and include medications, therapy, selective injections, and return-to-work programs in the industrial setting.


(a) To be able to identify neck and shoulder pathology, (b) to effectively evaluate cervical spine and shoulder injuries, and (c) to rehabilitate acute cervical spine and shoulder injuries in the industrial setting.

Copyright 2002 by the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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