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Gynecol Oncol. 2002 May;85(2):327-32.

Early invasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: criteria for nonradical surgical treatment.

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  • 1Division of Gynecology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsujkiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. takasama@ncc.go.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This retrospective study was undertaken to identify selection criteria for nonradical surgery for early invasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.

METHODS:

Seventy-nine patients with surgically treated cervical adenocarcinomas (with invasion to 5 mm or less) were examined clinicopathologically. The evaluation of stromal invasion was conducted according to the FIGO (1995) staging system.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 46 (range: 29-73) years, and the median follow-up was 118 (9-348) months. Definitive treatment modalities included radical hysterectomy in 71 (89.9%) cases, modified radical hysterectomy in 2 (2.5%), and simple extrafascial hysterectomy without pelvic lymphadenectomy in 6 (7.6%). Postoperative adjuvant external radiation therapy was given to 5 (6.3%) patients. The histological subtypes were endocervical in 37 (46.8%) cases, endometrioid in 32 (40.5%), and adenosquamous in 10 (12.7%). Forty-one (51.9%) patients had lesions with up to 3 mm of stromal invasion; of these, 24 (58.5%) had lesions with up to 7 mm of horizontal extension (stage IA1). Thirty-eight (48.1%) patients had lesions with stromal invasion greater than 3 mm and no greater than 5 mm; of these, 4 had lesions with no wider than 7 mm of horizontal extension (stage IA2). Of 73 patients with pelvic lymphadenectomy, one (1.4%) tumor (depth: 5 mm; width: 15 mm) had node metastases. Parametrial involvement was present in one (1.4%) patient (lesion depth: 5 mm; lesion width: 16 mm). None had adnexal metastasis. Eighty-eight percent of the patients with stromal invasion up to 3 mm had well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, compared to 53% of the patients with lesions invading more than 3 mm. Of all of the patients, 5 (6.3%) patients who received curative radical hysterectomies had recurrences and died. Among 5 patients, one patient with central pelvic recurrence had a lesion invading to a depth of 3 mm and width of 7 mm, and the others had lesions with more than 3 mm of invasion and 15 to 36 mm of width.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with early invasive adenocarcinoma to a depth of 3 mm or less stromal invasion, including those who meet the criteria for FIGO stage IA1, may be treated with simple extrafascial hysterectomy without lymphadenectomy and oophorectomy.

(c) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

PMID:
11972396
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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