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Cell Calcium. 2002 Feb;31(2):89-96.

Store-operated Ca2+ entry uncoupled with ryanodine receptor and junctional membrane complex in heart muscle cells.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Fukuoka University, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. ueharaak@fukuoka-u.ac.jp


Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is the Ca2+ influx that is activated on depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. Although SOCE is found in a variety of cell types, its activation mechanism and molecular identity remain to be clarified. Current experimental results suggest that SOCE channels are activated by direct coupling with Ca2+ release channels on depleted stores. Here we report SOCE in cardiac myocytes, that was prominently sensitive to Zn2+ but resistant to inhibitors for voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels and Na+/Ca2+ exchangers. The SOCE activity may be developmentally regulated, because the SOCE was easily detected during embryonic and neonatal stages but not in mature myocytes from adult hearts. In cardiac myocytes, ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR-2) is thought to be the sole Ca2+ release channel on the intracellular store, and junctophilin type 2 (JP-2) contributes to formation of the junctional complex between the cell surface and store membranes. Using the knockout mice, we also examined possible involvement of the Ca2+ release channel and junctional membrane complex in cardiac SOCE. Apparently normal SOCE activities were retained in mutant myocytes lacking RyR-2 or JP-2, suggesting that neither the Ca2+ release channel nor junctional membrane complex is involved in activation of cardiac SOCE.

Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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