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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2001;14 Suppl 5:1353-59; discussion 1365.

Cardiovascular risk in adolescent and young adult obese females with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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  • 1Institute of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Diseases of Metabolism, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. macut@EUnet.yu


Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) could have associated risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between age and metabolic factors on cardiovascular risk in obese women with PCOS. Obese patients with PCOS were divided into an adolescent group (n=11; age 16.90 +/- 0.45 yr; BMI 35.04 +/- 1.70 kg/m2), and an adult group (n=18; age 29.66 +/- 1.31; BMI 34.57 +/- 1.46). We determined basal values of glucose, insulin, lipid and fibrinolytic parameters from blood samples taken in all patients and matched controls. Significantly different concentrations between the groups with PCOS were obtained for glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and Apo-B. Elevated concentrations of insulin (20.63 mU/l), both insulin sensitivity indexes--G:I ratio (7.52 mg/10(-4) U) and HOMA model (4.11 mmol/l x U/l(2))--and PAI-1 (5.49 U/ml) were obtained in the adolescent group with PCOS compared to controls, with further increase in the adult group with PCOS. It seems that the youngest obese population with PCOS represents a cohort with potential cardiovascular disease in adulthood.

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