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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2002 May;282(5):R1395-404.

Effects of amylin-related peptides on food intake, meal patterns, and gastric emptying in rats.

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  • 1Veterans Administration Medical Center, Omaha 68105, USA.


We previously demonstrated that amylin inhibits food intake and gastric emptying in rats with half-maximal effective doses (ED(50)s) of 8 and 3 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1) and maximal inhibitions of 78 and 60%, respectively. In this study of identical design, rats received intravenous infusions of salmon calcitonin (sCT), rat calcitonin (rCT), rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (rCGRP), and rat adrenomedullin (rADM) for 3 h at dark onset, and food intake was measured for 17 h or for 15 min and gastric emptying of saline was measured during the final 5 min. sCT, rCGRP, and rADM inhibited food intake with estimated ED(50)s of 0.5, 26, and 35 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1) and maximal inhibitions of 88, 90, and 49%, respectively. rCT was not effective at doses up to 100 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1). sCT, rCGRP, rADM, and rCT inhibited gastric emptying with ED(50)s of 1, 130, 160, and 730 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1) and maximal inhibitions of 60, 66, 60, and 33%, respectively. These results suggest that amylin and sCT may act by a common mechanism to decrease food intake, which includes inhibition of gastric emptying.

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