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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Mar 15;52(4):1041-6.

Clinical outcomes of 3D conformal hypofractionated single high-dose radiotherapy for one or two lung tumors using a stereotactic body frame.

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  • 1Department of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo, Kyoto, Japan.



This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of three-dimensional (3D) conformal hypofractionated single high-dose radiotherapy for one or two lung tumors using a stereotactic body frame.


Forty patients who were treated between July 1998 and November 2000 and were followed for >10 months were included in this study. Of the 40 patients, 31 had primary lung cancer and 9 had metastatic lung cancer. The primary lung cancer was staged as T1N0M0, T2N0M0, and T3N0M0 in 19, 8, and 4 patients, respectively. The primary sites of metastatic lung cancer were the colon in 4, tongue in 2, and osteosarcoma, lung cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma in 1 each. 3D treatment planning was performed to maintain the target dose homogeneity within 15% and to decrease the irradiated lung volume from >20 Gy to <25%. All patients were irradiated using a stereotactic body frame and received 4 times 10-12 Gy single high-dose radiation at the isocenter during a period of 5-13 days (median 12).


The initial 3 patients received 40, and the remaining 37 patients received 48 Gy after dose escalation. Of the 33 tumors followed >6 months, 6 tumors (18%) disappeared completely after treatment. Twenty-five tumors (76%) decreased in size by 30% or more after treatment. Therefore, 31 tumors (94%) showed a local response. During the follow-up of 4-37 months (median 19), no pulmonary complications greater than National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria Grade 2 were noted. Of the 16 patients with histologically confirmed T1N0M0 primary lung cancer who received 48 Gy, all tumors were locally controlled during the follow-up of 6-36 months (median = 19). In 9 tumors with lung metastases that were irradiated with 48 Gy in total, 2 tumors did not show a local response. Finally, 3 tumors (33%) with lung metastases relapsed locally at 6-12 months (median 7) after treatment during the follow-up of 3-29 months (median 18).


3D conformal hypofractionated single high-dose radiotherapy of 48 Gy in 4 fractions using a stereotactic body frame was useful for the treatment of lung tumors.

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