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Cancer Res. 2002 Apr 15;62(8):2203-9.

Identification of the p33(ING1)-regulated genes that include cyclin B1 and proto-oncogene DEK by using cDNA microarray in a mouse mammary epithelial cell line NMuMG.

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  • 1Division of Biochemistry, Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute, Chuoh-ku, Chiba 260-8717, Japan.


The candidate tumor suppressor p33(ING1) plays an important role in inducinggrowth arrest at G(0)-G(1) phase of the cell cycle and/or promoting apoptosis in cancerous cells. p33(ING1) is reported to act as a transcriptional cofactor by associating with tumor suppressor p53, HAT, or histone deacetyltransferase, suggesting that p33(ING1) is involved in chromatin-mediated transcriptional regulation. However, the molecular mechanism of p33(ING1)-mediated transcriptional regulation is poorly understood. Here we analyzed expression profiles in mouse mammary epithelial cells (NMuMG) by using a cDNA microarray consisting of 2304 mouse cDNAs after inducing transformation with antisense inhibitor of growth 1 (ING1) in retrovirus vector. The subsequent confirmation of the altered expression levels of the selected genes by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR demonstrated that overexpression of the antisense ING1 stimulated expression of 14 genes, which included cyclin B1, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-inducible sequence 11, proto-oncogene DEK, and osteopontin, whereas we have detected transcriptional repression of 5 genes, including TPT1. In addition, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of ING1 in NMuMG cells resulted in down-regulation of cyclin B1, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-inducible sequence 11, DEK, and osteopontin, whereas the levels of TPT1 expression were increased. The further analysis using p53(-/-) SAOS2 cells showed that the p33(ING1)-induced cyclin B1 down-regulation was p53 dependent. Thus, our cDNA microarray analysis suggested that p33(ING1) targets the multiple genes, including proto-oncogene DEK and cyclin B1, at least some of which are regulated in a p53-dependent manner, in the cells undergoing cell growth or apoptosis.

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