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Chest. 2002 Apr;121(4):1239-44.

Delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity tests and lymphopenia as activity markers in sarcoidosis.

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  • 1Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital General Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain. fmorell@hg.vhebron.es

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate new and already known biological markers of activity in patients with sarcoidosis.

DESIGN:

A 10-year prospective clinical evaluation, including a battery of delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity tests (DCHTs) and other markers of activity.

SETTING:

Outpatient department of a university teaching hospital.

PATIENTS:

Forty patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis were prospectively evaluated every 6 months. In this study, only the visits that fulfilled the situation of active period (AcP) or of asymptomatic period (AsP) were taken into account. Twenty-one visits were considered to be in the AcP, and 26 were considered to be in the AsP. Seven patients were studied both in the AcP and the AsP.

INTERVENTIONS:

DCHTs and blood sample extraction every 6 months.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

The mean diameter of the cutaneous wheal for each antigen (AG) was lower in the AcP group than in the AsP group (candidine, p < 0.0001; tuberculin, p < 0.0009; trichophytin, p < 0.02; streptokinase-streptodornase, p < 0.001). Also, the mean (+/- SD) diameter for the four AGs taken together was lower in the AcP group (2.3 +/- 4.2 mm) than in the AsP group (16.8 +/- 9.3 mm; p < 0.0001). The mean serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (S-ACE) value was higher in the AcP group than in the AsP group (p < 0.02). A low lymphocyte count and a percentage of the lymphocyte count (< 20%) also were detected more frequently in the AcP group than in the AsP group (p < 0.02 and p < 0.0001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

DCHTs appear to be a simple, reliable, and easily performed marker of inflammatory activity in sarcoidosis patients. Furthermore, serum total and differential lymphocyte count and the S-ACE level proved to be useful inflammatory markers in this study.

PMID:
11948059
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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