Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Mar;50(3):430-3.

Oral care reduces pneumonia in older patients in nursing homes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Geriatric and Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Aspiration of oral secretions and their bacteria is increasingly being recognized as an important factor in pneumonia. We investigated whether oral care lowers the frequency of pneumonia in institutionalized older people.

DESIGN:

Survey.

SETTING:

Eleven nursing homes in Japan.

PARTICIPANTS:

Four hundred seventeen patients randomly assigned to an oral care group or a no oral care group.

INTERVENTION:

Nurses or caregivers cleaned the patients' teeth by toothbrush after each meal. Swabbing with povidone iodine was additionally used in some cases. Dentists or dental hygienists provided professional care once a week.

MEASUREMENTS:

Pneumonia, febrile days, death from pneumonia, activities of daily living, and cognitive functions.

RESULTS:

During follow-up, pneumonia, febrile days, and death from pneumonia decreased significantly in patients with oral care. Oral care was beneficial in edentate and dentate patients. Activities of daily living and cognitive functions showed a tendency to improve with oral care.

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that oral care may be useful in preventing pneumonia in older patients in nursing homes.

Comment in

PMID:
11943036
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk