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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 14;277(24):21598-603. Epub 2002 Apr 8.

Conclusive evidence that the major T-cell antigens of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex ESAT-6 and CFP-10 form a tight, 1:1 complex and characterization of the structural properties of ESAT-6, CFP-10, and the ESAT-6*CFP-10 complex. Implications for pathogenesis and virulence.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Adrian Building, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The proteins ESAT-6 and CFP-10 have been shown to be secreted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis cells, to be potent T-cell antigens, and to have a clear but as yet undefined role in tuberculosis pathogenesis. We have successfully overexpressed both ESAT-6 and CFP-10 in Escherichia coli and developed efficient purification schemes. Under in vivo-like conditions, a combination of fluorescence, circular dichroism, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy have shown that ESAT-6 contains up to 75% helical secondary structure, but little if any stable tertiary structure, and exists in a molten globule-like state. In contrast, CFP-10 was found to form an unstructured, random coil polypeptide. An exciting discovery was that ESAT-6 and CFP-10 form a tight, 1:1 complex, in which both proteins adopt a fully folded structure, with about two-thirds of the backbone in a regular helical conformation. This clearly suggests that ESAT-6 and CFP-10 are active as the complex and raises the interesting question of whether other ESAT-6/CFP-10 family proteins (22 paired genes in M. tuberculosis) also form tight, 1:1 complexes, and if so, is this limited to their genome partner, or is there scope for wider interactions within the protein family, which could provide greater functional flexibility?

PMID:
11940590
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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