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Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2002 Apr-May;19(3):197-203.

Paucity of hematological neoplasia after treatment of Hodgkin disease: observation after long-term follow-up at Cancer Institute, Chennai, south India.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, India. caninst@md2.vsnl.net.in

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence of second malignancies in childhood Hodgkin disease treated with COPP and COPP/ABV (replacing mechlorethamine by cyclophosphamide) chemotherapy. In 212 children with Hodgkin disease who were under 14 years of age and treated at Cancer Institute during the 25-year period of 1970-1994, the occurrence of second malignant neoplasms was analyzed as on 31 December 1999. Eighty-two percent attained complete response. The 5- and 10-year overall survival rate was 91 and 83%, respectively. In this interm report 5 cases of second malignancies were documented. All 5 were solid tumors: one each of soft tissue sarcoma, dermatofibrosarcoma, micropapillary carcinoma of thyroid, malignant phylloides tumor of breast, and chondrosarcoma of ilium. All patients had received combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Interestingly, all were splenectomized. All these patients had advanced stage of cancer and were 7-14 years of age at the time of diagnosis of first primary Hodgkin disease. It is significant that there were no secondary hematological malignancies. COPP and COPP/ABV are effective therapeutic regimens. The paucity of secondary hematological malignancies is unique in this series and may be attributed to the substitution of nitrogen mustard with cyclophosphamide in the chemotherapy combination. This is an initial observation, and further follow-up is needed for a firm conclusion.

PMID:
11936733
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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