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Gynecol Oncol. 2002 Apr;85(1):159-64.

Muscarinic receptors in cell lines from ovarian carcinoma: negative correlation with survival of patients.

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  • 1Institute of Anatomy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Tumor cells are similar in many respects to embryonic cells, indicating that embryonic genes are reactivated during malignant growth. In previous studies, we observed muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which are expressed in embryonic cells during morphogenesis and are also found in human melanomas and melanoma cell lines. We determined the presence of muscarinic receptors in a collection of ovarian tumor cell lines for which clinical data were available.

METHODS:

Muscarinic receptor status of 39 cell lines derived from 34 patients was determined by Western blotting.

RESULTS:

Twenty-three cell lines were receptor positive, and 16, receptor negative. Kaplan-Meier analysis of receptor status of the tumor cell lines and survival time of patients from which the cell lines were established showed that expression of muscarinic receptors was associated with a reduced probability (P = 0.025) of survival: This is within the range of other established prognostic factors reported in the literature.

CONCLUSIONS:

A large percentage of ovarian tumor cell lines express muscarinic receptors. Muscarinic receptor expression is an embryonic trait and is correlated with reduced survival of patients. The results from this study provide further evidence of the involvement of muscarinic receptors in the progression of malignant carcinomas.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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