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Am J Gastroenterol. 2002 Mar;97(3):667-72.

Lymphonodular hyperplasia of the terminal ileum associated with colitis shows an increase gammadelta+ t-cell density in children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Recently we reported a close association between lymphonodular hyperplasia (LNH) of the bulb of the duodenum and increased densities of intraepithelial gammadelta+ T-cells in subjects with untreated food allergies. In this study we sought to determine whether children with LNH of the terminal ileum (TI) show a similar correlation.

METHODS:

The mucosal specimens taken by colonoscopy from the TIs of 22 children with LNH of the TI without colitis, 13 with right-sided colitis or pancolitis, nine with left-sided colitis, eight with Crohn's disease, and three endoscopically healthy subjects were studied for T-cell subsets with monoclonal antibodies using a three-layer peroxidase staining method.

RESULTS:

LNH of the TI was found in 32 of the 55 subjects (58%). In 22 it was the only endoscopic finding, but in nine of 13 subjects (69%) it was related to right-sided colitis or pancolitis. In patients with left-sided colitis or Crohn's disease it was diagnosed only rarely. In the whole study population, LNH of the of the TI showed a significant association with the increment in the density of gammadelta+ T-cells. The subjects with LNH of the TI and colitis starting from the cecum showed the highest values, discriminating them statistically from any other study group. Accordingly their gammadelta+/CD3+ ratio was high. Even in the subjects with LNH of the TI without colitis, the increment in gammadelta+ T-cells was significant as compared with the subjects with left-sided colitis. Upregulations of D-related expression on the mucosa of the TI were similar regardless of the presence of LNH or colitis or an increment in gammadelta+ T-cells.

CONCLUSION:

Our preliminary observations showed increased densities of intraepithelial gammadelta+ T-cells and elevated gammadelta+/CD3+ ratios in subjects with LNH on the mucosa of the TI, especially if related to colitis starting at the cecem, but not in subjects with typical left-sided colitis or granulomatous Crohn's disease. The study also provides further evidence suggesting the significance of food-borne antigens in the pathogenetic mechanism of right-sided colitis or pancolitis. The finding also indicates the significance of classifying colitis into gammadelta-positive and -negative diseases, and has implications for the treatment of these entities.

PMID:
11922562
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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