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Neoplasia. 2002 Jan-Feb;4(1):60-7.

Fibroblast growth factor-1 induced promatrilysin expression through the activation of extracellular-regulated kinases and STAT3.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson 85724, USA.


The MMP, matrilysin (MMP-7), has been shown to be overexpressed in prostate cancer cells and to increase prostate cancer cell invasion. Prostate stromal fibroblasts secrete factor(s), including fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) that induces promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells. In the present study, we investigated the signal transduction pathway involved in the FGF-1-induced expression of promatrilysin. FGF-1 treatment significantly increased the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1 and ERK2). This induction was time-dependent and was sustained until 24 hours after treatment. Treating the cells with MEK1/2 inhibitor (PD98059) eliminated ERK activation completely and blocked FGF-1-mediated induction of promatrilysin expression. Transient transfection studies with human matrilysin promoter resulted in a four- to five-fold increase in reporter luciferase enzyme activity that was blocked by the MEK1/2 inhibitor (PD98059). Serine phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was observed after FGF-1 treatment and pretreatment with 20 microM PD98059-abolished STAT3 phosphorylation. Transient transfection with dominant negative STAT3 inhibited FGF-1-induced transactivation of the matrilysin promoter indicating that STAT3 plays an important role in FGF1-induced matrilysin expression. We propose that the FGF-1-induced signaling pathway that leads to promatrilysin expression is ERK-dependent and leads to phosphorylation of Ser-727 on STAT3, phosphorylated STAT3, then binds and transactivates the matrilysin promoter. Our results demonstrate that ERK-MAP kinase and transcription factor STAT3 are important components of FGF-1-mediated signaling, which induce promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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