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J Cell Physiol. 2002 Apr;191(1):69-81.

Merosin-integrin promotion of skeletal myofiber cell survival: Differentiation state-distinct involvement of p60Fyn tyrosine kinase and p38alpha stress-activated MAP kinase.

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  • 1Département d'anatomie et de biologie cellulaire, Faculté de médecine, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.


Myofiber survival and suppression of anoikis depend in large part on the merosin (laminin-2/-4)-integrin alpha7beta1D cell adhesion system; however, the question remains as to the nature of the signaling molecules/pathways involved. In the present study, we investigated this question using the C2C12 cell model of myogenic differentiation and its merosin- and laminin-deficient derivatives. Herein, we report that: 1) of four members of the Src family of tyrosine kinases studied (p60Src, p53/56Lyn, p59Yes, or p60Fyn), the expression and activity of p60Fyn are found in myotubes exclusively; 2) a severe decrease of p60Fyn activity correlates with myotube apoptosis/anoikis induced by pharmocological compounds (herbimycin A or PP2) which inhibit tyrosine kinases of the Src family, by merosin deficiency and by beta1 integrin inhibition; 3) myoblast survival depends on Fak and the MEK/Erk pathway, in contrast to myotubes; 4) the PI3-K pathway is not involved in either myoblast or myotube survival; and 5) p38alpha SAPK stimulation and activity (but not that of p38beta) are required in the progression of myotube apoptosis/anoikis induced by p60Fyn inhibition, merosin deficiency or beta1 integrin-inhibition; however, p38 is not involved in myoblast apoptosis. Taken together, these results suggest that the promotion of myotube survival by the merosin-alpha7beta1D adhesion system involves p60Fyn, and that disruptions in this cell adhesion system induce myotube apoptosis/anoikis through a p38alpha SAPK-dependent pathway.

Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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