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Hematol J. 2000;1(3):181-5.

Cyclin D1 expression in patients with multiple myeloma.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Hématologie, CHU Caen, France, and UPRES-EA 2128, UFR de Médecine, Caen, France. troussard-x@chu-caen.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Chromosomal abnormalities are detected in 50 to 70% of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). By conventional cytogenetic analysis, a t(11;14)(q13;q32) is observed at a frequency of 3 to 14%.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

To demonstrate a cyclin D1 expression in MM patients or MM cell lines, 14 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and nine human multiple myeloma cell lines (HMCL) were screened by a competitive RT-PCR and/or Northern blot analysis for cyclin D1 expression. Furthermore, we screened 10 MM patients with FISH to demonstrate a relationship between the cyclin D1 expression and the presence of the t(11;14).

RESULTS:

Five HMCL had a cyclin D1 overexpression: three of them had a t(11;14)(q13;q32) and two had extra copies of chromosome 11. A cyclin D1 expression was found at diagnosis in seven out of 14 untreated MM patients (50%). Out of 14 MM patients, FISH studies were performed in 10 patients. A t(11;14) was detected in three out of 10 patients and extra copies of chromosome 11 were found in two additional patients.

CONCLUSION:

Cyclin D1 expression is a common event in MM patients (50%) and is associated either with a t(11;14)(q13;q32) or extra copies of chromosome 11. The prognostic role of the cyclin D1 expression and the level of this expression, as compared to other B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders such as mantle cell lymphoma or hairy cell leukemia, remains to be determined in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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