Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetologia. 2002 Mar;45(3):436-42.

Taq I polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor and risk of severe diabetic retinopathy.

Author information

  • 1INSERM U341, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris, France.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Vitamin D, a molecule with antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, antioxidant and immunosuppressive effects, could play a role in the pathogenesis of severe diabetic retinopathy. We examined whether Taq I polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor is involved in the development of severe diabetic retinopathy.

METHODS:

200 unrelated C-peptide-negative French Type I diabetic patients were randomly selected (male:female, 103:97, age 44.4 +/- 12.4 years, diabetes duration: 27.7 +/- 10.0 years, BMI: 24.3 +/- 3.4 kg/m(2), HbA(1c): 8.6 +/- 1.3 %). The Taq I site was analysed by PCR followed by digestion with Taq I enzyme. Diabetic retinopathy was assessed by retinal angiography and classified as presence (n = 101) or absence (n = 99) of severe (preproliferative or proliferative) diabetic retinopathy.

RESULTS:

Frequency of wild-type genotype TT was lower in patients with severe diabetic retinopathy (n = 27) when compared with control subjects (n = 42, OR = 0.5, p = 0.028). Allele frequencies were not different between patients (T: n = 112 and t: n = 90) and control subjects (T: n = 128, and t: n = 70, p = 0.075). Global chi(2) (df = 2): p = 0.064. In subjects with diabetes duration of more than 25 years, TT was lower in severe diabetic retinopathy (n = 14) than control subjects (n = 18, OR = 0.3, p = 0.01). Allele frequencies were different between patients (T: n = 68 and t: n = 66) and control subjects (T: n = 52, OR = 0.5, and t: n = 26, OR = 1.9, p = 0.034). Global chi(2) (df = 2): p = 0.024. In subjects with HbA(1c) over 9 %, Tt was higher in patients (n = 28) than control subjects (n = 15, OR = 3.1, p = 0.019). Allele frequencies were not different between patients (T: n = 52 and t: n = 38) and control subjects (T: n = 57, and t: n = 29, p = 0.31). Global chi(2) (df = 2): p = 0.035.

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION:

In French Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients, we demonstrate an association between TT form (VDR) and low risk for severe diabetic retinopathy, especially in patients with long duration, and between Tt variant and high risk for severe diabetic retinopathy in subjects with poor glycaemic control.

PMID:
11914750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk