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J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2002 Mar;15(4):56-75.

Neonatal transitional physiology: a new paradigm.

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  • 1University of Rhode Island, Kingston, USA.

Abstract

Early clamping of the umbilical cord at birth, a practice developed without adequate evidence, causes neonatal blood volume to vary 25% to 40%. Such a massive change occurs at no other time in one's life without serious consequences, even death. Early cord clamping may impede a successful transition and contribute to hypovolemic and hypoxic damage in vulnerable newborns. The authors present a model for neonatal transition based on and driven by adequate blood volume rather than by respiratory effort to demonstrate how neonatal transition most likely occurs at a normal physiologic birth.

PMID:
11911621
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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