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Gastroenterology. 2002 Apr;122(4):985-93.

Bile acids induce cyclooxygenase-2 expression via the epidermal growth factor receptor in a human cholangiocarcinoma cell line.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Medical School, Clinic, and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Although bile acids have been implicated in colon cancer development, their role in biliary tract carcinogenesis remains unexplored. Because receptor tyrosine kinases and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 have been implicated in carcinogenesis, we examined the hypothesis that bile acids modulate these enzymes in KMBC cells, a human cholangiocarcinoma cell line.

METHODS:

The effect of bile acids on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) stimulation, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation, and COX-2 expression was evaluated.

RESULTS:

Bile acids both induced EGFR phosphorylation and enhanced COX-2 protein expression. Bile acid-induced EGFR phosphorylation was associated with subsequent activation of MAPK p42/44, p38, and c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). The MAPK inhibitors, PD098059 for MAP or extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1, SB203580 for p38, and BAY 37-9751 for Raf-1, blocked COX-2 induction by bile acids. However, inhibition of JNK activity did not block bile acid-mediated COX-2 induction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results show that EGFR is activated by bile acids and functions to induce COX-2 expression by an MAPK cascade. This induction of COX-2 may participate in the genesis and progression of cholangiocarcinomas.

PMID:
11910351
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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