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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Apr;72(4):549-51.

Outpatient video EEG recording in the diagnosis of non-epileptic seizures: a randomised controlled trial of simple suggestion techniques.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK. aileenmcg@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the yield of recorded habitual non-epileptic seizures during outpatient video EEG, using simple suggestion techniques based on hyperventilation and photic stimulation.

DESIGN:

Randomised controlled trial of "suggestion" v "no suggestion" during outpatient video EEG recording.

SETTING:

Regional epilepsy service (tertiary care; single centre).

PARTICIPANTS:

30 patients (22 female, 8 male), aged over 16 years, with a probable clinical diagnosis of non-epileptic seizures; 15 were randomised to each group.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Yield of habitual non-epileptic seizures recorded, and requirement for additional inpatient video EEG.

RESULTS:

10/15 patients had habitual non-epileptic seizures with suggestion; 5/15 had non-epileptic seizures with no suggestion (p = 0.058; NS); 8/9 patients with a history of previous events in medical settings had non-epileptic seizures recorded during study. Logistic regression analysis with an interaction clause showed a significant effect of suggestion in patients with a history of previous events in medical settings (p = 0.003). An additional inpatient video-EEG was avoided in 14 of the 30 patients (47%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Habitual non-epileptic seizures can be recorded reliably during short outpatient video EEG in selected patients. Simple (non-invasive) suggestion techniques increase the yield at least in the subgroup with a history of previous events in medical settings. Inpatient video EEG can be avoided in some patients.

PMID:
11909925
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1737844
Free PMC Article
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