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Appl Opt. 2002 Feb 10;41(5):845-52.

Comparison of holographic photopolymer materials by use of analytic nonlocal diffusion models.

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  • 1Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College Dublin, National University of Ireland, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.


The one-dimensional diffusion equation governing holographic grating formation in photopolymers, which includes both nonlocal material response and generalized dependence of the rate of polymerization on the illuminating intensity, has been previously solved under the two-harmonic expansion assumption. The resulting analytic expressions for the monomer and polymer concentrations have been derived and their ranges of validity tested in comparison with the more accurate numerical four-harmonic case. We used these analytic expressions to carry out a study of experimental results presented in the literature over a 30-year period. Automatic fitting of the data with these formulas allows material parameters, including the nonlocal chain-length variance sigma, to be estimated. In this way, (i) a quantitative comparison of different materials can be made, and (ii) a standard form of experimental result presentation is proposed to facilitate such a procedure.

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