Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2002 May 31;277(22):19679-87. Epub 2002 Mar 18.

Human Herpesvirus 6 immediate-early 1 protein is a sumoylated nuclear phosphoprotein colocalizing with promyelocytic leukemia protein-associated nuclear bodies.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Virology, Laboratory of Viral Immunology, Rheumatology and Immunology Research Center, Centre Hospitalier de l'Universit√© Laval Research Center and Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Sainte-Foy, Quebec G1V 4G2, Canada.


Immediate-early (IE) proteins are the first proteins expressed following viral entry and play a crucial role in the initiation of infection. We report the cloning and characterization of a full-length IE1 transcript and protein (IE1B) from human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) variant B. The IE1B transcript consists of five exons (3720 nucleotides), three of which are coding for the IE1 protein. The 1078-amino acid-long IE1B protein is 62% identical and 75% similar to the 941-amino acid IE1 from HHV-6 variant A. IE1B protein can be detected at 4 h post-infection (P.I.), and it is distributed as small intranuclear structures. The maximal number of IE1 bodies ( approximately 10-12/nucleus) is detected at 12 h P.I. after which the IE1 bodies condense into 1-3 larger entities by 24-48 h P.I. During infection the IE1B protein is phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues. IE1B undergoes further post-translational modification with its conjugation to the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO-1) peptide. IE1B colocalizes with SUMO-1 and promyelocytic leukemia nuclear bodies during infection as well as in transfection experiments. Finally, IE1 from variant B is a weaker transactivator than IE1 from variant A, when assayed using heterologous promoters. Overall, the characterization of the HHV-6 IE1B protein presented highlights the similarity and divergence between IE1 from both variants and provides useful information pertaining to the early phase of infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk