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Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2002 Mar;22(1):51-72.

Expression and localization of IGF family members in bovine antral follicles during final growth and in luteal tissue during different stages of estrous cycle and pregnancy.

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  • 1Institute of Physiology, Technical University Munich, D-85350 Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany. physio@wzw.tum.de

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to monitor the detailed pattern for mRNA expression (RT-PCR and RPA) of IGFs, IGFR-1, IGFBPs, GHR and localization of protein (immunohistochemistry) for IGF-1 and IGFR-1 in bovine follicle classes during final maturation and different corpus luteum (CL) stages during estrous cycle and during pregnancy. A relative high expression of IGF-1 in theca interna (TI) was observed before selection (E<0.5ng/mL). In GC, mRNA expression increased after selection. In contrast, IGF-2 was mainly expressed in the TI. The IGFR-1 mRNA was present in the TI and GC with increasing levels during final development. The expression results were confirmed by localization of IGF-1 and IGFR-1 proteins in GC and TI. There is clear evidence for the local expression of IGFBPs in TI and GC compartment with clear regulatory differences. In CL, the highest mRNA expression of IGF-1, IGF-2 and IGFR-1 was observed during early luteal phase, followed by a decrease, and then by a tendency of an increase during the mid and late luteal phases of the cyclic CL. This level remained low during pregnancy. Intense immunostaining for IGFR-1 in CL was observed mainly in large luteal cells. Evidence for a mRNA for all six IGFBPs were obtained with distinct differences for BP-3, -4 and -5. In conclusion, this comprehensive study gives clear evidence for an important role of the IGFs and IGFBPs in bovine follicular development and CL function. The relative amounts of IGFBPs may ultimately determine ovarian IGF action.

PMID:
11900964
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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