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J Hazard Mater. 2002 Apr 26;91(1-3):285-99.

The catalytic oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons over supported metal oxide.

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  • 1Department of Environmental Education, College of Engineering, Mokpo National University, 61 Torim-ri, Chungkye-myon, Muan-gun, Chonnam 534-729, South Korea.


The catalytic activity of metals (Cu, Mn, Fe, V, Mo, Co, Ni, Zn)/gamma-Al2O3 was investigated to bring about the complete oxidation of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX). Among them, Cu/gamma-Al2O3 was found to be the most promising catalyst based on activity. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller method (BET), electron probe X-ray micro analysis (EPMA) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR) by H2 were used to characterize a series of supported copper catalysts. Increasing the calcination temperature resulted in decreasing the specific surface areas of catalysts and, subsequently, the catalytic activity. Copper loadings on gamma-Al2O3 had a great effect on catalytic activity, and 5 wt.% Cu/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst was observed to be the most active, which might be contributed to the well-dispersed copper surface phase. Using TiO2 (anatase), TiO2 (rutile), SiO2 (I) and SiO2 (II) as support instead of gamma-Al2O3, the activity sequence of 5 wt.% Cu with respect to the support was gamma-Al2O3 > TiO2 (rutile) > TiO2 (anatase)>SiO2 (I) > SiO2 (II), and this appeared to be correlated with the distribution of copper on support rather than with the specific surface area of the catalyst. The smaller particle size of copper, due to its high dispersion on support, had a positive effect on catalytic activity. The activity of 5 wt.% Cu/gamma-Al2O3 with respect to the VOC molecule was observed to follow this sequence: toluene > xylene > benzene. Increasing the reactant concentration exerted an inhibiting effect on the catalytic activity.

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