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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Mar 20;39(6):1020-5.

Intensive cholesterol reduction lowers blood pressure and large artery stiffness in isolated systolic hypertension.

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  • 1Alfred and Baker Medical Unit, Baker Medical Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to investigate the effects of intensive cholesterol reduction on large artery stiffness and blood pressure in normolipidemic patients with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH).

BACKGROUND:

Isolated systolic hypertension is associated with elevated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and is primarily due to large artery stiffening, which has been independently related to cardiovascular mortality. Cholesterol-lowering therapy has been efficacious in reducing arterial stiffness in patients with hypercholesterolemia, and thus may be beneficial in ISH.

METHODS:

In a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study design, 22 patients with stage I ISH received three months of atorvastatin therapy (80 mg/day) and three months of placebo treatment. Systemic arterial compliance was measured noninvasively using carotid applanation tonometry and Doppler velocimetry of the ascending aorta.

RESULTS:

Atorvastatin treatment reduced total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels by 36 +/- 2% (p < 0.001), 48 +/- 3% (p < 0.001) and 23 +/- 5% (p = 0.003), respectively, and increased high density lipoprotein cholesterol by 7 +/- 3% (p = 0.03). Systemic arterial compliance was higher after treatment (placebo vs. atorvastatin: 0.36 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.43 +/- 0.05 ml/mm Hg, p = 0.03). Brachial systolic blood pressure was lower after atorvastatin treatment (154 +/- 3 vs. 148 +/- 2 mm Hg, p = 0.03), as were mean (111 +/- 2 vs. 107 +/- 2 mm Hg, p = 0.04) and diastolic blood pressures (83 +/- 1 vs. 81 +/- 2 mm Hg, p = 0.04). There was a trend toward a reduction in pulse pressure (71 +/- 3 vs. 67 +/- 2 mm Hg, p = 0.08).

CONCLUSIONS:

Intensive cholesterol reduction may be beneficial in the treatment of patients with ISH and normal lipid levels, through a reduction in large artery stiffness.

PMID:
11897445
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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