Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2002 Mar;8(3):893-903.

Resveratrol induces growth inhibition, S-phase arrest, apoptosis, and changes in biomarker expression in several human cancer cell lines.

Author information

  • 1Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.



We examined the effects of the phytochemical resveratrol in six human cancer cell lines (MCF7, SW480, HCE7, Seg-1, Bic-1, and HL60).


Resveratrol induced marked growth inhibition in five of these cell lines, with IC(50) values of approximately 70-150 microM. However, only partial growth inhibition was seen in Bic-1 cells. After treatment with 300 microM resveratrol for 24 h, most of the cell lines were arrested in the S phase of the cell cycle. In addition, induction of apoptosis was demonstrated by the appearance of a sub-G(1) peak and confirmed using an annexin V-based assay. Cyclin B1 expression levels were decreased in all cell lines after 48 h of treatment. In SW480 cells, cyclin A, cyclin B1, and beta-catenin expression levels were decreased within 24 h. There was a decrease in cyclin D1 expression after only 2 h of treatment, and this persisted for up to 48 h. This decrease was partially blocked by concurrent treatment with the proteasome inhibitor calpain inhibitor I. Using a luciferase-based reporter assay, resveratrol did not inhibit cyclin D1 promoter activity in SW480 cells. Furthermore, using a reverse transcription-PCR-based assay, only a higher dose of resveratrol (300 microM) appeared to decrease cyclin D1 mRNA. Seg-1 cells expressed basal levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (cox-2), which was further induced by resveratrol. Neither basal levels nor induction of cox-2 was detectable in the remaining cell lines. Thus, cox-2 does not appear to be a critical target of this compound.


These studies provide support for the use of resveratrol in chemoprevention and cancer therapy trials. Cyclin D1, cyclin B1, beta-catenin, and apoptotic index could be useful biomarkers to evaluate treatment efficacy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk