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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Apr;282(4):H1502-9.

Validation of OPS imaging for microvascular measurements during isovolumic hemodilution and low hematocrits.

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  • 1Institute for Surgical Research, Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich, 81366 Munich, Germany.


Orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) imaging is a new technique that can be used to visualize the microcirculation with reflected light. It uses hemoglobin absorption to visualize the red blood cells (RBCs). Thus the method could fail at low hematocrit (Hct). The aim of this study was to validate OPS imaging for quantitative measurements of diameter and functional capillary density (FCD) under conditions of hemodilution of varying degrees to achieve a wide range of Hcts. The validation was performed in the dorsal skinfold chamber of nine awake Syrian golden hamsters. Measurements of vessel diameter and FCD were performed off-line using Cap-Image on video sequences captured using OPS imaging and standard intravital fluorescence microscopy at baseline, 85, 70, 55, and 40% of the initial Hct. For hemodilution, isovolumic exchange of blood for 6% Dextran 60 was performed. Bland-Altman plots for the vessel diameter and FCD show good agreement between the two methods for both parameters at all studied Hcts. As expected, there was a systematic bias of approximately 4 microm in the diameter measurements since the RBC column was measured and not the intravascular diameter. In conclusion, OPS imaging can be used to measure diameter and FCD at a wide range of Hcts.

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