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Eur J Cell Biol. 2002 Feb;81(2):51-60.

Conservation of the gene structure and membrane-targeting signals of germ cell-specific lamin LIII in amphibians and fish.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, University of Bremen, Germany.


Targeting of nuclear lamins to the inner nuclear membrane requires CaaX motif-dependent posttranslational isoprenylation and carboxyl methylation. We previously have shown that two variants of lamin LIII (i.e., LIII and LIIIb) in amphibian oocytes are generated by alternative splicing and differ greatly in their membrane association. An extra cysteine residue (as a potential palmitoylation site) and a basic cluster in conjunction with the CaaX motif function as secondary targeting signals responsible for stable membrane association of lamin LIIIb. cDNA sequencing and genomic analysis of the zebrafish Danio rerio lamin LIII uncovers a remarkable conservation of the genomic organization and of the two secondary membrane-targeting signals in amphibians and fish. The expression pattern of lamin LIII genes is also conserved between amphibians and fish. Danio lamin LIII is expressed in diplotene oocytes. It is absent from male germ cells but is expressed in Sertoli cells of the testis. In addition, we provide sequence information of the entire coding sequence of zebrafish lamin A, which allows comparison of all major lamins from representatives of the four classes of vertebrates.

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