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Am J Med Genet. 2002 Mar 15;108(3):187-91.

Heterogeneity in familial dominant Paget disease of bone and muscular dystrophy.

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  • 1Division of Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA.


The combination of autosomal dominant, early onset Paget disease of bone (PDB) and muscular dystrophy is an unusual disorder. We recently mapped the disorder in a large family from central Illinois with PDB and proximal limb-girdle type of muscular dystrophy (LGMD), and in 3 additional families with hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM), Paget disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia, to a unique locus on chromosome 9p21.1-q12. The present study describes an unrelated 10-member family with autosomal dominant PDB and a scapuloperoneal type of muscular dystrophy. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological evaluations were performed to delineate clinical features in this family. Progression of the muscular dystrophy begins with weakness in the distal muscles of the legs accompanied by foot drop. EMG and muscle biopsy are compatible with a primary dystrophy. Onset of Paget disease is early, at a mean age of 41 years, with initial distribution in the long bones and eventual infiltration of the spine and pelvis. Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and alkaline phosphatase levels are elevated in affected individuals. Molecular analyses excluded all known loci for Paget disease of bone, scapuloperoneal muscular dystrophy (SPMD), fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSH), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Bethlem myopathy, two forms of autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), and the critical region for LGMD or HIBM/PDB on chromosome 9p21.1-q12, thus providing evidence for genetic heterogeneity among families with the unique combination of muscular dystrophy and Paget disease of bone.

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